-ess

-ess1
suffix forming nouns denoting female gender: abbess.
Origin
from Fr. -esse, via late L. from Gk -issa.
Usage
In modern English, there are few new words coined with the suffix -ess. Many existing feminine forms (e.g. poetess, authoress) are likely to be regarded as old-fashioned or sexist and avoided in favour of the ‘neutral’ base form (e.g. poet, author).
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-ess2
suffix forming abstract nouns from adjectives, such as largess.
Origin
ME via Fr. -esse from L. -itia.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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